There are many specialisations within Surveying you can choose from, depending on your interests and whether you want to work in the city, country or coastal areas.
Land (Cadastral) Surveyors determine and advise on property boundaries when land is subdivided, bought or sold. Cadastral Surveyors need to hold a special license as their findings determine the status of land ownership.
New freeway systems, bridges and high-rise buildings all need precise planning. Engineering Surveyors ensure they are built in the exact location to exact specifications.
Mining Surveyors design and measure mines, tunnels and other underground works. They are also integral in the exploration for new resources. Mining Surveyors are generally paid more due to the remote location of their work.
Hydrographic Surveyors map the sea floor and other waterways. These Surveyors work in coastal areas and overseas.
Surveyors are integral to sustainable development and environmental projects as they measure the change in geographic information.
Australia has the responsibility to monitor 42% of the Antarctic region. Surveyors are involved in measuring the intra-plate movement and how quickly Australia is moving away from Antarctica. Surveyors installed precision GPS equipment at many sites across Antarctica. Over a period of time the data collected will assist in understanding whether Antarctica is a single stable body or if the landscape is changing over time. Surveyors collect GPS positioning data, to form the basis of climate change studies.
Geodesy is a science of the measurement and mapping of the earth’s surfaces. Surveyors in this field track rising sea levels, measure earthquakes and continental drifts using instruments like GPS, laser technology and electronic distance devices to measure global parameters and locate positions accurately on the earth’s surface for global mapping, research and natural disaster prevention studies.
Topographic Surveyors measure elevation points on land and the environment. Topography is related to cartography and mapping, which involves plotting points as contours of the earth’s surface including; valleys, rivers and lakes on a map by making field measurements and taking aerial photographs to develop maps.
Surveyors monitor changes on the earth’s surface using satellites and other digital technologies to monitor for trends in the environment. The data collected by Surveyors are then used for research and emerging environmental studies. Surveyors in this field are involved in creating maps for Google Earth and Street View technologies.
Geographic information systems are used widely for planning decisions. A Surveyor in this field is involved in the visualisation, design and development of data content for online and mobile phone mapping and navigation. In-car navigation systems use maps which is provided by the work of Surveyors.
Surveyors work with archaeologists to define the parameters of an archaeological search area and mapping out locations to identify points to excavate for objects, artefacts, human remains and cultural heritage land.
Surveyors and Aborigines have been interacting with each other since Australia’s first settlement. Surveyors today have a defining role to play through mapping areas for Native Land Title Claims and working closely with archaeologists to identify where cultural heritage is likely to occur before any development on the land can take place. Cultural heritage is protected by State and Federal legislation and includes; Aboriginal places, objects and human remains.
Surveyors are used to provide information for special investigations and crime scenes.
Eg. During the investigation into the ‘’backpacker murders’’ in the NSW southern highlands, Surveyors were called to the Belangelo State Forest after human remains were found and were invaluable to convicting Ivan Milat.